Misool Private Marine Reserve

Platinum Global Ocean Refuge

Misool Private Marine Reserve protects one of the richest coral reefs within the highly biodiverse Coral Triangle.

Global Ocean Refuge Facts
Award Year: 
Misool Foundation
1212.1 km²
Other Awards:
Mission Blue Hope Spot

Misool Private Marine Reserve protects complex coral reef systems and deepwater areas in Raja Ampat, Indonesia. In 2005, Marit and Andrew Miners and a local community created a partnership to privately fund and manage the marine reserve, laying the ground work for a collaborative agreement with the recognition of the district government.


The Misool Foundation was established in 2011 as an Indonesian charity to safeguard its biodiverse reefs through the empowerment of local communities. The foundation supports the Misool Reserve, alongside a number of projects including the Misool Research Center and the Misool Manta Project.

The Misool Private Marine Reserve is home to a number of endemic species including the bamboo shark, Nursalim’s flasher wrasse, Jamal’s dottyback, Bird’s head jawfish, and Misool cardinalfish. Misool also protects mangrove forests that act as nursery grounds and refuges for juvenile and adult fish. In 2013, the no-take zones of the Misool Private Marine Reserve – Daram and Misool – were found to have some of the highest concentrations of reef fish biomass in a survey of 5 Raja Ampat marine protected areas.

Check out episode 4 of the new series on Netflix, Our Planet, to explore Misool with Sir David Attenborough.


Misool Private Marine Reserve protects a manta ray aggregation site where two species of mantas can be observed interacting. The beaches around Misool are popular nesting sites for both hawksbill and green sea turtles as well. In October 2010, the Misool team, along with a group of non-profit partners, successfully petitioned the regional government to protect sharks and rays across the entire 40,000 km² of Raja Ampat, which adds another level of protection to the Misool Private Marine Reserve.

Also in the reserve, Misool Eco Resort operates in partnership with the Misool Foundation on the island of Batbitim. It promotes sustainable tourism while protecting Raja Ampat’s ecosystems. The Misool Resort helps to fund the reserve’s Ranger Patrol Unit alongside industry partners and private donors.

The Global Ocean Refuge System is a Marine Conservation Institute initiative working to build a global network of effective marine protected areas to save ocean wildlife. In 2018, the Global Ocean Refuge System grew to include 10 blue parks around the world.